Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 26 (2006), No. 6 1. Dec. 2006
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether it is possible to orthodontically move migrated teeth into infrabony defects augmented with a biomaterial. Three adult patients suffering from chronic periodontitis were treated. Each of the patients presented with an infrabony defect adjacent to a migrated maxillary central incisor. After cause-related therapy was completed, a surgical procedure was performed using the papilla preservation technique. The defects were filled with a collagen bovine bone mineral; after 2 weeks, an orthodontic device was activated using light, continuous forces. Orthodontic treatment time varied from 4 to 9 months; during this period, patients were enrolled in an oral hygiene recall program. At baseline and 6 months after the end of therapy, probing pocket depths (PPD) and clinical attachment levels (CAL) were assessed. In addition, the vertical and horizontal dimensions of the defects were measured on standardized radiographs. Residual mean PPD was 3.33 mm, with a mean reduction of 3.67 mm. Mean CAL gain was 4.67 mm. Radiologic vertical and horizontal bone fills were, on average, 3.17 mm and 2.0 mm, respectively. The present case series shows the effectiveness of a combined periodontic-orthodontic approach for the treatment of infrabony defects. Reduction of PPD to physiologic values, CAL gain, and radiologic defect resolution were obtained. No detrimental effects from the orthodontic movement were observed on the augmentation material.