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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry



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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 27 (2007), No. 4     23. July 2007
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 27 (2007), No. 4  (23.07.2007)

Page 312-323, PubMed:17726987

Timing, Positioning, and Sequential Staging in Esthetic Implant Therapy: A Four-Dimensional Perspektive
Funato, Akiyoshi/Salama, Maurice/Ishikawa, Tomohiro/Garber, David/Salama, Henry
Many articles address the predictability of immediate implant placement into extraction sockets; however, there are only a few reports that mention the indications and limitations of this technique. The aim of this article is to re-examine specific indications for immediate implant placement and to clarify the timing or "fourth dimension" relative to extraction and implant placement. The expanded concept of four-dimensional implant treatment planning involves the new axis of time, which must be considered along with the traditional spatial or threedimensional management of implant positioning.