Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 29 (2009), No. 4 28. July 2009
This study was designed to demonstrate the use of the relatively novel tunneling technique for root coverage with acellular dermal matrix (ADM) to treat Miller Class I and II gingival recession defects. Five subjects with two to five adjacent buccal gingival recession defects were treated with ADM using the tunneling technique for root coverage. A calibrated, blinded examiner measured clinical parameters, including probing depth, clinical attachment level, width of keratinized tissue, recession depth, recession width at 1 mm apical to the cementoenamel junction, gingival tissue thickness at 1 mm and 3 mm apical to the gingival margin, Plaque Index, Gingival Index, and Wound Healing Index, at different time intervals. Patient discomfort was recorded 14 days postoperatively, and an overall quality assessment was recorded 180 days postoperatively. Results showed an average of 61% defect coverage (equal to 93.5% root coverage), and a 0.15-mm gain in tissue thickness was achieved 1 year postoperatively. This suggested that root coverage with ADM using the tunneling technique can be a viable alternative to traditional techniques, especially for multiple recession defects in maxillary premolar and anterior teeth.