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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry



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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 21 (2001), No. 4     15. July 2001
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 21 (2001), No. 4  (15.07.2001)

Page 395-405

Efficacy of Porous Bovine Bone Mineral in Various Types of Osseous Deficiencies: Clinical Observations and Literature Review
Artzi, Zvi / Nemcovsky, Carlos E. / Tal, Haim
Recent developments in osseous regenerative techniques have increased the demand for bone-substitute grafting materials. Porous deproteinized bovine bone mineral (PBBM), a biocompatible xenograft, has been used in different osseous deficiencies prior to or in conjunction with the placement of titanium implants. The different PBBM applications in fresh extraction sites, anatomic defects, and subantral floor elevation techniques are described. The use of an occlusive barrier membrane to regenerate bone via guided tissue regeneration principles was determined for each patient by clinical parameters. PBBM was well amalgamated and incorporated with the augmented hard tissue, but the transition between preexisting bone and the newly regenerated bone-like tissue was distinguishable by clinical examination even after 12 months. Grafted material was also identified using follow-up radiographs. In the presented cases, PBBM showed clinically satisfactory results as a biocompatible filler in bone augmentation procedures.