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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 21 (2001), No. 5     15. Sep. 2001
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 21 (2001), No. 5  (15.09.2001)

Page 437-449


The Use of Enamel Matrix Derivative in the Treatment of Periodontal Osseous Defects: A Clinical Decision Tree Based on Biologic Principles of Regeneration
Froum, Stuart / Lemler, Jeffrey / Horowitz, Robert / Davidson, Bruce
An investigation of the periodontal literature reveals four critical factors necessary for a regenerative response in the treatment of intrabony defects. These include root preparation to remove toxins and altered cementum, space creation by the graft or membrane barrier for migration of progenitor cells, stabilization and flap coverage of the graft, and use of a membrane barrier or enamel matrix derivative (EMD). This article reviews the literature supporting this concept and presents a clinical decision tree to determine when to use EMD alone or with autogenous grafts and membrane barriers in the treatment of defects of varying morphologies. The clinical decision tree is designed to increase the predictability of a positive clinical response. Cases are shown to demonstrate the indication for each treatment.