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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry



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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 32 (2012), No. 4     9. July 2012
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 32 (2012), No. 4  (09.07.2012)

Page 451-457, PubMed:22577651

Histologic and Histomorphometric Evaluation of an Implant Retrieved 8 Years After Insertion in a Sinus Augmented with Anorganic Bovine Bone and Anorganic Bovine Matrix Associated with a Cell-Binding Peptide: A Case Report
Degidi, Marco / Piattelli, Adriano / Perrotti, Vittoria / Iezzi, Giovanna
Few histologic and histomorphometric reports are present in the literature regarding the peri-implant bone response around implants inserted in sinuses grafted with different biomaterials. Anorganic bovine bone (ABB) and anorganic bovine matrix with the addition of an active cell-binding peptide (PepGen P-15) are xenogenic materials that have been reported to present biocompatibility and osteoconductivity. A monolateral sinus augmentation procedure with ABB (50%) and PepGen P-15 (50%) was performed in a 54-year-old man. Two titanium implants with a sandblasted and acid-etched surface were inserted after 6 months. After an additional 6 months, a fixed prosthetic restoration was fabricated. One implant fractured in the coronal portion after an 8-year loading period and was removed using a 5-mm trephine bur. Few particles of both grafting materials were present in the peri-implant bone. No graft material particles were found in contact with the implant surface, and bone was always interposed between the graft materials and surface. No inflammatory cell infiltrate, multinucleated giant cells, or foreign body reaction cells were found. The tissues around the implant were composed of 51.4% ± 4.8% bone, 6.2% ± 0.7% ABB particles, 2.4% ± 0.5% PepGen P-15, and 40.0% ± 7.1% marrow spaces. The bone-implant contact percentage was 78.4% ± 4.1%. A sinus augmentation procedure using ABB and PepGen P-15 produced bone formation with subsequent implant osseointegration, which was still present after 8 years of implant loading.