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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 34 (2014), No. 6     24. Nov. 2014
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 34 (2014), No. 6  (24.11.2014)

Page 772-779, doi:10.11607/prd.1990, PubMed:25411732


Biologic Width Adjacent to Loaded Implants with Machined and Rough Collars in the Dog
Cochran, David L. / Obrecht, Marcel / Weber, Klaus / Dard, Michel / Bosshardt, Dieter / Higginbottom, Frank L. / Wilson, Thomas G. / Jones, Archie A.
Dental implant surface technology has evolved from a relatively smooth machined implant surface for osseointegration to more roughened osteoconductive surfaces. Recent studies suggest that peri-implant soft tissue inflammation with progressive bone loss (ie, peri-implantitis) is becoming a prevalent condition. One possibility that could explain such a finding is that more bacterial plaque forms on the roughened implant and abutment surfaces, which may result in the peri-implant inflammation in the soft tissues. This study compared 36 tissue-level implants with a machined transmucosal collar to 36 implants with a relatively roughened (SLActive) transmucosal surface in the dog. The implants were evaluated histologically and histomorphometrically after 3 and 12 months of loading. The results demonstrated that the connective tissue contact was similar between the two implant types but that the junctional epithelium and biologic width dimensions were greater around the implants with the machined collars. Interestingly, the amount of inflammation was similar between the two implant types. Slightly more bone formation and more mature collagen formation occurred around the implants with the roughened collars compared to the implants with machined collars. These results suggested that even if more plaque biofilm forms on the implants with the roughened SLActive surface compared to the machined surface, there is no biologic consequence related to the amount of inflammation or bone loss. In fact, the roughened surface promoted bone formation (was more osteoconductive) and more mature soft collagenous connective tissue.