Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 34 (2014), No. 6 24. Nov. 2014
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 34 (2014), No. 6 (24.11.2014)
Page 794-804, doi:10.11607/prd.2133, PubMed:25411735
Long-Term Stability of Soft Tissues Following Alveolar Ridge Preservation: 10-Year Results of a Prospective Study Around Nonsubmerged Implants
Roccuzzo, Mario / Gaudioso, Luigi / Bunino, Marco / Dalmasso, Paola
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcomes around implants placed in sites previously augmented with demineralized bovine bone mineral with 10% collagen (Bio-Oss Collagen, Geistlich). In this prospective study, 36 consecutive, healthy patients, in need of a single-tooth extraction (incisors, canines, and premolars) and implant replacement, were included. After tooth extraction, Bio-Oss Collagen was inserted in the socket and covered either with a double layer of collagen membrane (test) or with a few drops of a flowable polylactide polymer (control). Following a healing period of 4 to 6 months, a single nonsubmerged implant surgery was performed. After cementation of a single ceramic crown, patients were asked to follow an individualized supportive periodontal therapy program. Clinical and radiographic data were obtained after prosthesis delivery (baseline) and at the 10-year follow-up visit. At the 10‑year examination, two patients were lost to follow-up. All implants demonstrated healthy peri-implant soft tissues as documented by standard parameters (full-mouth plaque score, full-mouth bleeding score, local bleeding on probing) in both groups. Mean soft tissue recession (REC) was 0.39 ± 0.54 mm for the test group and 0.50 ± 0.33 mm for the control, with no significant difference between the two groups. The results of this prospective study confirmed the long-term stability of the peri-implant marginal soft tissues supported by regenerated bone by means of the described technique using Bio-Oss Collagen. If the patient is properly followed throughout time, the risk for mucosal recession is low, with < 1 mm of mean REC after 10 years.