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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry



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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 35 (2015), No. 6     30. Oct. 2015
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 35 (2015), No. 6  (30.10.2015)

Page 856-863, doi:10.11607/prd.2571, PubMed:26509990

A Regenerative Approach to the Successful Treatment of Peri-implantitis: A Consecutive Series of 170 Implants in 100 Patients with 2- to 10-Year Follow-up
Froum, Stuart J. / Froum, Scott H. / Rosen, Paul S.
This article presents the results of a consecutive case series of 170 treated periimplantitis- affected implants in 100 patients with follow-up measurements from 2 to 10 years. A total of 51 implants in 38 patients previously reported on were followed for an additional 2.5 years, and 119 additional implants in 62 additional patients were treated with the same protocol and monitored for at least 2 years posttreatment. The treatment consisted of flap reflection, surface decontamination, use of enamel matrix derivative (EMD) or platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and guided bone regeneration with mineralized freezedried bone and/or anorganic bovine bone combined with PDGF or EMD and covered with an absorbable membrane and/or subepithelial connective tissue graft. Maintenance and monitoring followed every 2 to 3 months. Two implants were lost 6 months posttreatment, for a 98.8% survival rate. Bleeding on probing was eliminated in 91% of the treated implants. Probing depth reduction averaged 5.10 mm, bone level gain averaged 1.77 mm, and soft tissue marginal gain averaged 0.52 mm. These outcomes were obtained with one surgical procedure on 140 implants, with two procedures on 18 implants, and with three procedures on 10 implants. The results to date with this layered/combined regenerative approach for the treatment of peri-implantitis appear to be encouraging.