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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry



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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 36 (2016), No. 3     15. Apr. 2016
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 36 (2016), No. 3  (15.04.2016)

Online Article, Page 49-58, doi:10.11607/prd.2351, PubMed:27100815

Online Article: Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of the Stress Distribution at the Internal Implant-Abutment Connection
Cho, Sung-Yong / Huh, Yoon-Hyuk / Park, Chan-Jin / Cho, Lee-Ra
This study investigated stress distribution in four different implant-abutment interface conditions in the internal tapered connection implant system. Four different implant diameters (3.5 mm, 4.0 mm, 4.5 mm, and 5.0 mm) and two abutment types (hexagonal and conical) were simulated. Four unique implantabutment interface conditions were assumed based on wall thickness, mating surface length, distance to the vertical stop, and abutment shape. Axial and oblique loading was applied during abutment screw preload, and the Von Mises stresses were measured at the implant-abutment and abutment-screw interfaces. The implant-abutment interface stress decreased as the wall thickness increased. As the mating surface increased, the stress distribution trended downward, and when the distance to the implant vertical stop was 0 μm, the Von Mises stress was extremely high at the vertical stop. Despite their different shapes, the abutments showed similar stress distributions. However, the maximum Von Mises stress was higher in the conical connection than in the hexagonal connection, particularly at the contralateral side to loading. To decrease the stress distribution at the implantabutment interface, the implant wall thickness, mating surface contact length, distance to the vertical stop, and abutment shape should be carefully considered.