Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 36 (2016), No. 6 14. Oct. 2016
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 36 (2016), No. 6 (14.10.2016)
Online Article, Page 103-110, doi:10.11607/prd.2659, PubMed:27740654
Online Article: Extraction Socket Management with Buccal Plate Expansion: Preliminary Results of a Novel Technique
Ayora, Alberto Fernandez / González-Martín, Oscar / Rompen, Eric / Lecloux, Geoffrey / Lambert, France
The primary objective of this pilot study was to evaluate a new socket preservation technique involving the intentional expansion of the extraction socket buccal plate using a flapless internal corticotomy and biomaterials. A total of 11 patients requiring tooth extraction were enrolled in this study. The aim of this technique was to maintain or improve the hard and soft tissue contour of the ridge after tooth extraction. All surgical sites healed uneventfully. Significant alveolar bone dimension changes were observed in the coronal region of the ridge (−1.4 ± 0.9 mm); however, it was only slightly lower at the medium (−0.35 ± 0.7 mm) and apical levels (−0.3 ± 0.8 mm) (P > .05). The ridge dimensional changes were significantly higher in the buccal aspect than in the palatal aspect in all patients. Vertical bone resorption was not significant. Concerning the soft tissue contour, the horizontal distance between the preoperative and postoperative buccal profiles ranged from 0.94 to −2.88 mm. The proposed ridge preservation technique may help maintain the volume of the healed ridge but cannot completely prevent contour changes after tooth extraction.