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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 36 (2016), No. 6     14. Oct. 2016
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 36 (2016), No. 6  (14.10.2016)

Page 824-831, doi:10.11607/prd.2779, PubMed:27740643


The Impact of Conical and Nonconical Abutments on Bacterial Infiltration at the Implant-Abutment Interface
Guerra, Elen / Pereira, Cristiane / Faria, Renata / Jorge, Antonio Olavo Cardoso / Bottino, Marco Antonio / Melo, Renata Marques de
This study evaluated the in vitro bacterial microleakage at the implant-abutment interface of three prosthetic connections: external (EH) and internal hexagon (IH) and taper connection (TC: solid [ST], taper with internal hexagon [IT], and short taper [OT]). Escherichia coli (E coli) and Streptococcus sanguinis (S sanguinus) were inoculated in the apical portion of the abutment screw, which was immersed in sterile brain-heart infusion broth for 14 days. There were no differences between the percentages of bacterial infiltration for IH (9.09%), ST (21.74%), IT (22.73%), and OT (11.11%). EH did not present viable bacteria. There were no significant differences in the counts of connections inoculated and not infiltrated by E coli or S sanguinis nor in those infiltrated by both bacteria (one-way analysis of variance, P < .05). Except for EH, all implant designs and abutments showed bacteria that were capable of surviving and causing infiltration.