Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 37 (2017), No. 2 17. Feb. 2017
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 37 (2017), No. 2 (17.02.2017)
Page 194-202, doi:10.11607/prd.3140, PubMed:28196158
Hybrid Implants in Healthy and Periodontally Compromised Patients: A Preliminary Clinical and Radiographic Study
Spinato, Sergio / Bernardello, Fabio / Sassatelli, Paolo / Zaffe, Davide
This preliminary clinical and radiographic study examined the survival of, the marginal bone loss (MBL) around, and the influence of prosthetic abutment height (AH) on MBL around hybrid implants placed in two groups of partially edentulous patients: healthy (HPs) and periodontally compromised (PCPs) patients. A total of 93 patients requiring single or multiunit implant restoration, in the mandible or maxilla, were treated while undergoing cement-retained prosthetic restoration. A total of 54 implants (35 in the maxilla and 19 in the mandible) were placed in 45 HPs, and 56 implants (31 in the maxilla and 25 in the mandible) in 48 PCPs. All 110 hybrid implants positioned in pristine bone provided a 100% survival rate in both HPs and PCPs. No statistical differences were recorded comparing the MBL values of maxillae with those of mandibles. In HPs and PCPs, a similar and limited amount of MBL was recorded, and it was found that the higher the AH, the less MBL. In conclusion, results indicate that the hybrid implants examined could reduce the risk of peri-implantitis due to their coronal machined surfaces and improve osseointegration due to their apical rough surfaces.