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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry



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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 38 (2018), No. 5     27. Aug. 2018
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 38 (2018), No. 5  (27.08.2018)

Online Article, Page e87-e95, doi:10.11607/prd.3250, PubMed:29677228

Online Article: Decontamination of Customized Laser-Microtextured Titanium Abutments: A Comparative in Vitro Study of Different Cleaning Procedures
Farronato, Davide / Fumagalli, Davide / Asa'ad, Farah / Rasperini, Giulio
The aim of this study was to evaluate different cleaning procedures for customized laser-microtextured titanium abutments. A total of 20 customized lasermicrotextured abutments were randomized into four groups: no cleaning (control group), ultrasonic treatments + autoclave cycle (group 1), ultrasonic treatments + argon plasma (group 2), and only argon plasma (group 3). Surface contaminants were assessed through scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy microanalysis. In the control group, 99.96% of the abutment surfaces were contaminated with organic and inorganic pollutants. Group 3 showed the second highest contamination percentage, with almost 23% of the analyzed surfaces polluted. Samples in groups 1 and 2 were almost clean, with negligible traces of microparticles (0.009% and 0.047% of the surfaces were contaminated, respectively). These results were statistically significant for differences between control and test groups, and between groups 1 and 2 in comparison to 3 (P < .001). Abutment decontamination with argon plasma alone might not be as effective on laser-microtextured surfaces as other cleaning protocols.