Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 38 (2018), No. 6 15. Oct. 2018
Since periodontal plastic surgery's recent emergence and continuous, extensive development, various treatment modalities and materials have been developed alongside it to help clinicians pursue optimal esthetics and long-term stability around natural teeth and dental implants. To achieve satisfying and predictable long-term outcomes, promote more predictable results, and reduce complications following periodontal plastic surgery procedures, the authors reviewed articles published in peer-reviewed journals to better understand the biologic principles and potential of the soft tissue grafting materials and techniques being applied. That information was used to support a new classification system. This system aims to give clinicians guidance when selecting the most appropriate grafting materials and techniques for periodontal plastic surgery, using the graft materials' two most important features to guide the consideration/decision process: the source of blood supply and whether the grafts contain vital cells.