Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 39 (2019), No. 1 7. Jan. 2019
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 39 (2019), No. 1 (07.01.2019)
Page 83-88, doi:10.11607/prd.3116, PubMed:29513778
Four Stable and Functioning Dental Implants Retrieved for Fracture After 14 and 17 Years from the Same Patient: A Histologic and Histomorphometric Report
Botticelli, Daniele / Perrotti, Vittoria / Piattelli, Adriano / Iezzi, Giovanna
The aim of the present study was a histologic and histomorphometric analysis of the peri-implant tissue reactions and of the bone-titanium interface in successfully osseointegrated, clinically stable, and immobile retrieved titanium dental implants after a long loading period. Four successfully osseointegrated and stable implants with a sandblasted surface were retrieved from a patient due to fracture, two after 14 years of loading and two after 17 years. None of these implants has been previously reported. Mature, compact bone with a few marrow spaces was observed around all four implants. At low magnification, a high percentage of bone-implant contact (BIC) was present at the interface of almost all implants. BIC percentage for the four implants was 83%, 66%, 74%, and 65%. In almost all the implants, the space within the threads was almost completely filled by compact bone. Close, tight contact between bone and implant surface was observed in all specimens, and no gaps or fibrous connective tissue was found at the boneimplant interface. All implants appeared to be well integrated in the surrounding mineralized bone, and all showed adequate BIC percentages after a long loading history.