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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 39 (2019), No. 1     7. Jan. 2019
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 39 (2019), No. 1  (07.01.2019)

Page 57-64, doi:10.11607/prd.3563, PubMed:30543728


Facial Esthetic Considerations with All-on-4: A Report on Two Cases
Orphanos, Ernest S.
This article describes two case reports of immediate full-arch dental implant- supported prostheses using facial parameters to determine the anticipated incisal edge (AIE) position. Treatment planning the terminal dentition is driven by several facial parameters. A frontal photo is obtained to assess the facial thirds and the symmetry in the lower third. A profile photo allows the clinician to measure Holdaway's angle, nasolabial angle, and labiomental sulcus depth and anatomy. Facial assessment is a diagnostic tool that assists the clinician in addressing the challenges of ideal tooth position in the absence of dental landmarks to achieve dentofacial esthetics.