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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry



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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 39 (2019), No. 1     7. Jan. 2019
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 39 (2019), No. 1  (07.01.2019)

Page 65-71, doi:10.11607/prd.3504, PubMed:30543729

Absence of Healing Impairment in Osteotomies Prepared via Osseodensification Drilling
Witeki, Lukasz / Neiva, Rodrigo / Alifarag, Adham / Shahraki, Farnaz / Sayah, Ghazaleh / Tovar, Nick / Lopez, Christopher D. / Gili, Luiz / Coelho, Paulo G.
This study sought to qualitatively and quantitatively evaluate the effect of osteotomy preparation by conventional (control group) or OD (OD group) instrumentation on osteotomy healing. An incision of 10 cm was made in the anteroposterior direction over the hip in five sheep, and 15 osteotomies were prepared in the left ilium of the sheep (n = 3/sheep). Three different instrumentation techniques were utilized: (1) conventional/regular drilling (R [recommended by manufacturer]) in a 3-step series of a 2-mm pilot, 3.2-mm, and 3.8-mm twist drills; (2) OD clockwise (OD-CW) drilling with Densah Bur (Versah) 2.0-mm pilot, 2.8-mm, and 3.8-mm multi-fluted tapered burs; and (3) OD counterclockwise (OD-CCW) drilling with Densah Bur 2.0-mm pilot, 2.8-mm, and 3.8-mm multifluted tapered burs. Drilling was performed at 1,100 rpm with saline irrigation. Qualitative histomorphometric analysis of the osteotomies after 6 weeks did not show any healing impairment due to the instrumentation. Histologic analysis shows bone remodeling and growth in all samples, irrespective of osteotomy preparation technique, with the presence of bone chips observed along the length of the osteotomy wall in sites subjected to osseodensification drilling.