Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 39 (2019), No. 6 28. Oct. 2019
Vertical bone augmentation techniques are more invasive than other procedures, and success rates often vary according to the surgical expertise of the clinician. As a result, there has been a trend over time towards minimally invasive treatment options in implant dentistry. This article discusses a "graft less" treatment philosophy that emphasizes the use of less-demanding augmentation techniques for the purpose of placing shorter implants in atrophic posterior sites, avoiding more complicated procedures for implant placement. In the posterior maxilla and mandible, the use of short implants (< 8.0 mm) can reduce the need for vertical bone grafting. Patients often prefer this strategy over more complex procedures that can cause complications, increase morbidity, and require longer treatment times with higher costs. When inadequate available bone is present for implant placement, planned bone augmentation procedures may be performed for the purpose of placing shorter implants; these procedures are less demanding, less invasive, and more predictable, allowing long-term outcomes for the implant-supported restoration.