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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 40 (2020), No. 1 3. Jan. 2020
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 40 (2020), No. 1 (03.01.2020)
Page 129-134, doi:10.11607/prd.4437, PubMed:31815983
Influence of Light-Curing Intensity on Color Stability and Microhardness of Composite Resins
Strazzi-Sahyon, Henrico Badaoui / Rocha, Eduardo Passos / Assunção, Wirley Gonçalves / Dos Santos, Paulo Henrique
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intensity of light-curing units and its relationship with the color stability and microhardness of composite resins with different shades subjected to a thermocycling procedure. Eighty blocks (5.0 × 2.0 mm) of TPH Spectrum composite resin (Dentsply Sirona) were produced and distributed into four groups according to the light-curing units (EC 450, ECEL; Valo, Ultradent) and color of the resin material (A3; C3) (n = 20). Within each group, color stability was measured on half the sample (n = 10) using a UV-2450 visible UV spectrophotometer (Shimadzu), and Knoop hardness was measured on the other half (n = 10) using an HMV 2000 microhardness tester (Shimadzu) before and after thermocycling (12,000 cycles, 5°C and 55°C). Mann-Whitney test was performed on the color stability data; the microhardness data were analyzed using a three-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test (α = .05). The ANOVA results showed that thermocycling, distinct light intensity, and different colors of resin materials influenced the microhardness of the composite resins, which was evidenced by the A3 composite resin light-cured with a Valo polywave showing higher hardness values. There was no statistical difference in the color stability of the A3 composite resin; however, the C3 composite resin light-cured with an EC 450 singlewave light-curing unit showed higher color alteration values. In general, the Valo polywave light-curing unit imparted better mechanical property and color stability to both shades of the composite resins. The different shades of resin material influenced the hardness of the composite resins. Therefore, the light intensity of the light-curing units should be evaluated and monitored, as the amount of light intensity will interfere in the quality and longevity of resin restorations.