Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 40 (2020), No. 2 7. Feb. 2020
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 40 (2020), No. 2 (07.02.2020)
Page 233-243, doi:10.11607/prd.4494, PubMed:32032408
Evaluation of the Effect of Hyaluronic Acid Application on the Vascularization of Free Gingival Graft for Both Donor and Recipient Sites with Laser Doppler Flowmetry: A Randomized, Examiner-Blinded, Controlled Clinical Trial
Çankaya, Zeynep Turgut / Gürbüz, Sühan / Bakirarar, Batuhan / Kurtis, Bülent
This study aimed to evaluate with laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) the effect of topical hyaluronic acid (HA) application on the vascularization of free gingival graft (FGG) donor and recipient sites during the early wound healing period and to investigate the effect of HA application on the dimensional change of the FGG. Forty systemically healthy, nonsmoking patients who required FGG due to insufficient amount of attached gingiva in a partial edentulism were randomly assigned to a study group: test (FGG+HA) or control (FGG alone). The LDF values of the donor and recipient sites were measured in both groups before the operation and at 4, 7, 10, 14, and 30 postoperative days. LDF measurement of the graft was performed as soon as the graft was taken from the palatal site. FGG dimensions (width, height, and thickness) were assessed and recorded at baseline and on day 30, as well as the percentage of the changes in these values. LDF values of the recipient site in the FGG+HA group were found to be statistically higher than those in the control group on days 4 and 7 (P = .013 and P = .020, respectively); however, no differences were found for days 10, 14, and 30. Additionally, no differences were found for the LDF values of the palatal site between the FGG+HA and control groups (P > .05) at all examined time points. The height of the graft measured on day 30 was statistically higher in the FGG+HA than the control group (P < .001). The percentage change in thickness and height of the FGG was statistically lower in the FGG+HA than control group (P = .028 and P < .001, respectively). Application of HA on the recipient bed under the FGG at the first week of healing allows the formation of a well-vascularized layer, which acts as a barrier against tissue tensions by functioning as a scaffold between the recipient bed and FGG, thus reducing the shrinkage of the graft, especially in the vertical direction. This study further showed that the graft taken from the donor site had a remaining blood perfusion value of its own.