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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 40 (2020), No. 3     9. Apr. 2020
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 40 (2020), No. 3  (09.04.2020)

Page 395-401, doi:10.11607/prd.4568, PubMed:32233193


Decontamination of the Infected Implant Surface: A Scanning Electron Microscope Study
El Chaar, Edgard / Almogahwi, Mohammad / Abdalkader, Kefaia / Alshehri, Abdulla / Cruz, Stephanie / Ricci, John
A number of treatment options have been explored for peri-implantitis. Seven rough-surfaced implants that failed from peri-implantitis were retrieved. Surfaces were treated by different methods: saline, chlorhexidine, citric acid, 35% phosphoric acid etch gel, hydrogen peroxide, implantoplasty, airborne-particle abrasion, laser, and titanium brush. Implants were observed under scanning electron microscopy. Chemical agents failed to remove any biologic debris. Airborne-particle abrasion, laser, and titanium brush removed part of the biologic debris, and implantoplasty showed complete biologic debris removal. In ex vivo failed implants, implantoplasty showed complete disturbance and removal of bacterial biofilm.