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International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry



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Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 40 (2020), No. 3     9. Apr. 2020
Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 40 (2020), No. 3  (09.04.2020)

Online Article, Page e85-e93, doi:10.11607/prd.4497, PubMed:32233183

Online Article: Minimally Invasive Management of Implant-Supported Rehabilitation in the Posterior Maxilla, Part I. Sinus Floor Elevation: Biologic Principles and Materials
Stacchi, Claudio / Spinato, Sergio / Lombardi, Teresa / Bernardello, Fabio / Bertoldi, Carlo / Zaffe, Davide / Nevins, Myron
Alveolar bone resorption and maxillary sinus pneumatization occurring after dental extraction in the posterior region of the maxilla may be problematic when planning implant-supported rehabilitation. Various regenerative options are available, including guided bone regeneration, bone block grafts, and lateral sinus augmentation. These procedures are associated with significant complication rates, high morbidity, increased therapy duration, and high cost. Less invasive approaches, such as transcrestal sinus floor elevation, and using short implants have been proposed in an attempt to reduce these drawbacks. The aim of this study is to analyze available evidence to suggest predictable options and identify minimally invasive management of implant-supported rehabilitation in the posterior maxilla. This article concerns biologic mechanisms regulating new bone formation after maxillary sinus augmentation and examines characteristics of available implants and grafting materials to help the clinician select the most rational and convenient surgical approach according to specific situations.